Let’s describe Web Testing first, before we go into more detail about the different types of web testing.
What is Web Testing?
WEB TESTING, also known as website testing, is the process of reviewing your web application or website for bugs before releasing it to the public. Web testing examines the web application or website for reliability, accessibility, protection, compatibility, and efficiency.
How to test Web Application
Depending on the web testing specifications, the following testing types/techniques can be used in Software Engineering.
Functionality Testing of a Website
Website functionality testing entails a variety of testing criteria, including user interface, APIs, database testing, security testing, client and server testing, and simple website functionalities. Functional testing is extremely useful, since it allows users to conduct both manual and automated tests.
Web based Testing Activities includes:
Check that all of the links on your website are functioning properly and that there are no broken links. The following are some of the links that will be checked:
- Outgoing links
- Internal links
- Anchor Links
- MailTo Links
Perform a test Cookies are working normally. Cookies are tiny files that websites use to remember active user sessions so that you don’t have to log in each time you visit. Cookie testing would include the following:
- The testing cookies (sessions) are deleted when the cache is cleared or when they expire.
- When you return to the site, delete cookies (sessions) and make sure you are asked for your login credentials.
To ensure that search engines can quickly crawl your pages, test the HTML and CSS. This will include
- Checking for Errors in Syntax
- Color Schemas That Can Be Read
- Observance of the rules. Ensure the W3C, OASIS, IETF, ISO, ECMA, and WS-I guidelines are followed.
Test business workflow – This will include
- Testing the end-to-end workflow/business scenarios that require the user to navigate through a set of webpages.
- Test negative situations as well, such as when a user takes an unwelcome action and the web application displays an acceptable error message or provides assistance.
QTP, IBM Rational, and Selenium are some of the tools that can be used.
2. Usability testing
Usability testing is now an essential component of every web project. It can be carried out by testers like you or a small focus group that is representative of the web application’s target audience.
Test the site Navigation:
- On all of your website’s sites, menus, buttons, and links to various pages should be easily accessible and consistent.
Test the Content:
- Content should be legible with no spelling or grammatical errors.
- Images if present should contain an “alt” text
Chalkmark, Clicktale, Clixpy, and Feedback Army are some of the tools that can be used.
3. Interface Testing:
Three areas to be tested here are Application, Web and Database Server
Application: Test requests are submitted to the database correctly, and client-side output is displayed correctly. If there are any bugs, the programmer must catch them and only show them to the administrator, not the end user.
Web Server: The test Web server handles all application requests without any service denials.
Database Server: Make sure queries sent to the database give expected results.
Tools that can be used: AlertFox, Ranorex
4. Database Testing:
The database is a vital component of your web application, and it must be thoroughly tested. The following tasks will be part of the testing process:
- Check to see if any errors appear when running queries.
- Data integrity is retained when generating, updating, or deleting data from a database.
- Examine query response times and fine-tune them if necessary.
- Your web application correctly displays test data obtained from your servers.
Tools that can be used: QTP, Selenium
5. Compatibility testing
Compatibility testing ensures that the web application works well on a variety of devices. This will include the following:
Browser Compatibility Test: The same website can appear differently in different browsers. You will also see if your browser is compatible with mobile devices.
With each change in Operating System, the rendering of web elements such as buttons, text fields, and so on changes. Make sure your website is compatible with a variety of operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and Mac, as well as browsers like Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Safari.
Tools that can be used: NetMechanic
6. Performance Testing
This will ensure that your site functions properly in all load conditions.
- Answer times for website applications at various link speeds
- Check your web application under regular and peak loads to see how it reacts.
- Check to see if the website breaks when it receives higher-than-normal traffic during peak hours.
- Test how the site recovers from a crash caused by peak load.
- To reduce load times, make sure optimization techniques including gzip compression, browser and server side cache are available.
Tools that can be used: Loadrunner, JMeter
7. Security testing
For e-commerce websites that store sensitive customer information such as credit cards, security testing is important. The following tasks will be part of the testing process:
- During research, unauthorized access to protected pages should be prohibited.
- Restricted files can not be accessed unless you have sufficient access.
- Check sessions are automatically terminated after a time of inactivity.
- The website will redirect to SSL pages that are encrypted when SSL certificates are used.
Tools that can be used: Babel Enterprise, BFBTester and CROSS
8. Crowd Testing
You’ll choose a large group of people (crowd) to run tests that would otherwise be run by a small group of people in the business. Crowdsourced research is a new and exciting phenomenon that can help uncover many previously undetected flaws.
Tools that can be used: People like you and me! And yes, loads of them!
It includes almost all testing types applicable to your web application.
It’s important to remember as a web tester that web testing is a time-consuming process with numerous challenges. Of course, deadline pressure will be one of the most significant issues you will face. It’s best to list all of the activities involved in your web testing and then create a job chart to help you predict and schedule accurately.
For more info: https://www.mammoth-ai.com/automation-testing-services/
Also Read: https://www.guru99.com/software-testing.html